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About Rudolf Steiner

Rudolf Steiner

Born in 1861 in what is now Croatia, Steiner studied science and philosophy in Vienna and soon became a respected thinker, publishing his philosophical treatise The Philosophy of Freedom in 1894.

Later he began to speak about his spiritual experiences and described how he was able to make use of his scientific training in such a way that his spiritual investigations could become a science in their own right.

From 1907 onwards he became involved with a variety of artistic endeavours, writing plays, designing buildings and devising a completely new art of movement called Eurythmy.

He called the results of this spiritual science Anthroposophy and an Anthroposophical Society was founded at the Goetheanum in Switzerland in 1913. From this time until his death in 1925, Steiner was fully engaged in establishing an abundance of cultural innovations, details of which can be found elsewhere on this site.

Later, at Christmas 1923, the society was refounded and called the General Anthroposophical Society, when Steiner became its President. At this event, Steiner provided a special meditation as a foundation stone and established the School of Spiritual Science.


Anthroposophy is a modern spiritual path that cherishes and respects the freedom of each individual. It recognises however, that real freedom is actually an inner capacity that can only be obtained by degrees according to the spiritual development of the individual. The striving for this capacity, and the corresponding spiritual development, can be greatly assisted through a scientific study of the spiritual nature of humanity and the universe. Such a study is available in the writings and lectures of Rudolf Steiner - an initiate of the twentieth century. Steiner called his study - spiritual research or Anthroposophy.

Anthroposophy is thus not only the spiritual path to freedom, it is also a scientific study of the spiritual knowledge gained on this path. For Steiner, Anthroposophy was the path that could 'lead the spiritual in the human being to the spiritual in the universe'. And he showed that it is a path that is capable of inspiring many cultural innovations - in education, agriculture, medicine, architecture, science and the arts - and much else.